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Home » What Is Alpha Thalassemia Hba1 Hba2? Best 7 Answer

What Is Alpha Thalassemia Hba1 Hba2? Best 7 Answer

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Alpha-thalassemia is an autosomal recessive condition that affects the red blood cells. It can affect people of any ethnicity, but is more common in people who can trace their ancestry to Southeast Asia, India, equatorial Africa, the Mediterranean, or the Arabian Peninsula.Alpha thalassemia major (also called hydrops fetalis). In the past, almost all babies with alpha thalassemia major died before or shortly after birth from complications of extreme anemia. After they’re born, babies with alpha thalassemia major need frequent blood transfusions to survive.The HBA2 gene provides instructions for making a protein called alpha-globin. This protein is also produced from a nearly identical gene called HBA1. These two alpha-globin genes are located close together in a region of chromosome 16 known as the alpha-globin locus.

What Is Alpha Thalassemia Hba1 Hba2?
What Is Alpha Thalassemia Hba1 Hba2?

Is alpha thalassemia life threatening?

Alpha thalassemia major (also called hydrops fetalis). In the past, almost all babies with alpha thalassemia major died before or shortly after birth from complications of extreme anemia. After they’re born, babies with alpha thalassemia major need frequent blood transfusions to survive.

What does HBA1 and HbA2 stand for?

The HBA2 gene provides instructions for making a protein called alpha-globin. This protein is also produced from a nearly identical gene called HBA1. These two alpha-globin genes are located close together in a region of chromosome 16 known as the alpha-globin locus.


Alpha-thalassemia – an Osmosis Preview

Alpha-thalassemia – an Osmosis Preview
Alpha-thalassemia – an Osmosis Preview

Images related to the topicAlpha-thalassemia – an Osmosis Preview

Alpha-Thalassemia - An Osmosis Preview
Alpha-Thalassemia – An Osmosis Preview

What is the difference between HbA and HbA2?

Adult hemoglobin A (HbA) has two alpha and two beta chains (alpha2 beta2), whereas hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) has two alpha and two delta chains (alpha2 delta2). At birth, HbF accounts for approximately 80 percent of hemoglobin and HbA accounts for 20 percent.

What is HbA2 thalassemia?

Hemoglobin A2 (HbA2) is a normal variant of hemoglobin A that consists of two alpha and two delta chains (α2δ2) and is found at low levels in normal human blood. Hemoglobin A2 may be increased in beta thalassemia or in people who are heterozygous for the beta thalassemia gene.

What are the 4 types of alpha thalassemia?

Alpha thalassemia occurs when some or all of the 4 genes that make hemoglobin (the alpha-globin genes) are missing or damaged.

There are 4 types of alpha thalassemia:
  • Alpha thalassemia silent carrier. …
  • Alpha thalassemia carrier. …
  • Hemoglobin H disease. …
  • Alpha thalassemia major.

How does alpha thalassemia affect the body?

In people with the characteristic features of alpha thalassemia, a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin prevents enough oxygen from reaching the body’s tissues. Affected individuals also have a shortage of red blood cells (anemia ), which can cause pale skin, weakness, fatigue, and more serious complications.

What does HBA2 stand for?

HBA2 (Hemoglobin Subunit Alpha 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HBA2 include Hemoglobin H Disease and Alpha-Thalassemia.


See some more details on the topic What is alpha thalassemia HBA1 HBA2? here:


Alpha thalassemia: MedlinePlus Genetics

Alpha thalassemia is a blood disorder that reduces the production of hemoglobin . Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries …

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alpha thalassemia, HBA1/HBA2-related – Myriad Women’s …

Alpha thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that affects hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells (RBCs) that makes it possible for …

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Alpha Thalassemia | Test Fact Sheet – ARUP Consult

Alpha (α)​ thalassemia is the most common inherited disorder of hemoglobin (Hb) worldwide and is caused by HBA1 and HBA2 gene variants.

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Alpha Thalassemia (for Parents) – Nemours KidsHealth

Alpha thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing alpha globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that …

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Is HBA2 normal?

Normal Results

In adults, these are normal percentages of different hemoglobin molecules: HbA: 95% to 98% (0.95 to 0.98) HbA2: 2% to 3% (0.02 to 0.03)

Is alpha thalassemia rare?

A baby born without all four genes is very rare. Alpha thalassemia is one of the most common blood disorders in the world. Anyone can have alpha thalassemia. Thousands of infants are born with alpha thalassemia trait or hemoglobin H disease each year, but it is most common in Southeast Asia.

What happens if HbA2 is high?

Hb A2 levels tend to increase in conditions that delay nuclear maturation of red cell precursors. These conditions are also associated with increased MCV. The most common cause of this phenomenon is megaloblastic anemia due to folate and/or vitamin B12 deficiency.


GENETIC TESTING: ALPHA THALASSEMIA

GENETIC TESTING: ALPHA THALASSEMIA
GENETIC TESTING: ALPHA THALASSEMIA

Images related to the topicGENETIC TESTING: ALPHA THALASSEMIA

Genetic Testing: Alpha Thalassemia
Genetic Testing: Alpha Thalassemia

What blood tests indicate thalassemia?

Doctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and special hemoglobin tests.
  • A CBC measures the amount of hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a sample of blood. …
  • Hemoglobin tests measure the types of hemoglobin in a blood sample.

How is alpha thalassemia trait diagnosed?

Doctors can diagnose alpha thalassemia with blood tests; however, a blood test won’t detect it if someone is a silent carrier. Genetic testing can confirm if you are a silent carrier. Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about alpha thalassemia. They may recommend genetic testing and blood work.

What is the difference between alpha and beta thalassemia?

When thalassemia is called “alpha” or “beta,” this refers to the part of hemoglobin that isn’t being made. If either the alpha or beta part is not made, there aren’t enough building blocks to make normal amounts of hemoglobin. Low alpha is called alpha thalassemia. Low beta is called beta thalassemia.

How is thalassemia diagnosis?

How are thalassemias diagnosed?
  1. A complete blood count (CBC), which includes measures of hemoglobin and the quantity (and size) of red blood cells. …
  2. A reticulocyte count (a measure of young red blood cells) may indicate that your bone marrow is not producing an adequate number of red blood cells.

Which type of alpha thalassemia is not survivable?

Hydrops fetalis (alpha thalassemia major) is incompatible with life and requires identification in utero and in utero transfusions if the fetus is to survive and be born.

Is alpha thalassemia a disability?

Alpha thalassemia X-linked intellectual disability (ATR-X) syndrome is a rare genetic disorder affecting multiple organ systems of the body. ATR-X syndrome is characterized by intellectual disability, characteristic facial features, abnormalities of the genitourinary tract, and alpha thalassemia.

Which thalassemia is most common?

Beta thalassemia is a fairly common blood disorder worldwide. Thousands of infants with beta thalassemia are born each year. Beta thalassemia occurs most frequently in people from Mediterranean countries, North Africa, the Middle East, India, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

Survival of thalassemia patients

The cumulative survival rate from birth until 10 years old was 99%. After reaching the age of 20 years, 88% of the patients survived until 30 years, 74% survived until 45, 68% survived until 50, and 51% survived until 55 years old.

What should I eat if I have alpha thalassemia?

Nutrition is very important for many, especially those with thalassemia. Individuals are encouraged to eat a balanced diet consisting of protein, grains, fruits, and vegetables and may need to pay extra attention to ensure not getting high amounts of iron through their diet.


Alpha Thalassemia

Alpha Thalassemia
Alpha Thalassemia

Images related to the topicAlpha Thalassemia

Alpha Thalassemia
Alpha Thalassemia

What is the main cause of thalassemia?

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.

What is the function of hemoglobin A2?

While no significant physiologic function of hemoglobin A2 (Hb A2), the minor basic component of human hemoglobin, has been recognized, only its oxygen equilibria have been studied in detail.

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