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In the absence of gravity, **the cannonball would continue its horizontal motion at a constant velocity**. This is consistent with the law of inertia.Gravity will affect a projectile as it will **decrease the height the projectile can obtain**. The force of gravity acts on the object to stop its upward movement and pull it back to earth, limiting the vertical component of the projectile. As a projectile moves through the air it is slowed down by air resistance.A projectile is launched at an angle to the horizontal and **rises upwards to a peak while moving horizontally**. Upon reaching the peak, the projectile falls with a motion that is symmetrical to its path upwards to the peak.

## How is projectile motion affected by gravity?

Gravity will affect a projectile as it will **decrease the height the projectile can obtain**. The force of gravity acts on the object to stop its upward movement and pull it back to earth, limiting the vertical component of the projectile. As a projectile moves through the air it is slowed down by air resistance.

## What happens when a projectile is launched horizontally?

A projectile is launched at an angle to the horizontal and **rises upwards to a peak while moving horizontally**. Upon reaching the peak, the projectile falls with a motion that is symmetrical to its path upwards to the peak.

### Horizontally launched projectile | Two-dimensional motion | Physics | Khan Academy

### Images related to the topicHorizontally launched projectile | Two-dimensional motion | Physics | Khan Academy

## What affects the motion of a projectile launched horizontally?

A projectile is an object upon which the only force is gravity. Gravity acts to influence the vertical motion of the projectile, thus causing a vertical acceleration. The horizontal motion of the projectile is the result of **the tendency of any object in motion to remain in motion at constant velocity**.

## Why movement in horizontal plane is not affected by gravity?

The horizontal motion of an object is unaffected by the force of gravity for relatively short displacements. This means that the horizontal velocity is constant, while the vertical velocity is accelerating. The reason is because **perpendicular vectors act independently of each other**.

## Does gravity affect horizontal motion?

The force of gravity is a vertical force and **does not affect horizontal motion**; perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other.

## What is horizontal acceleration of a projectile?

Nothing accelerates a projectile horizontally, so horizontal acceleration is **always zero**.

## When a ball is thrown horizontally and another is dropped which will hit the ground first?

If the ball is thrown exactly horizontally, then **it will hit the ground at the same time as the dropped one** – but it will a lot further away from the thrower.

## See some more details on the topic What Will Happen To A Horizontally Launched Projectile When Gravity Is Removed? here:

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## When an object is launched horizontally What is the initial vertical velocity?

Remember that since the projectile is launched horizontally, the INITIAL VERTICAL VELOCITY is **equal to ZERO**. Example: A plane traveling with a horizontal velocity of 100 m/s is 500 m above the ground.

## What happens to a ball thrown horizontally?

The time required for initially horizontal projectile motion to occur is the same as the time required for the object to fall to its final height. Thus, **a ball thrown horizontally will reach the ground at the same time as a ball dropped from the same height**.

## How does gravity affect the motion of object moving upward?

gravity affects things while they are falling but stops when they reach the ground. It does not operate on things that are moving upwards. **gravity acts upwards on things that are moving upwards**.

### Solving Horizontally-Launched Projectile Problems

### Images related to the topicSolving Horizontally-Launched Projectile Problems

## What happens to the horizontal velocity of a projectile as it goes up?

The numerical information in both the diagram and the table above illustrate identical points – a projectile has a vertical acceleration of 9.8 m/s/s, downward and no horizontal acceleration. This is to say that the vertical velocity changes by 9.8 m/s each second and the horizontal velocity **never changes**.

## What do you think affects the horizontal motion of the projectile How about the vertical motion?

The horizontal velocity of a projectile is constant (a never changing in value), There is a vertical acceleration caused by gravity; its value is 9.8 m/s/s, down, The vertical velocity of a projectile changes by 9.8 m/s each second, **The horizontal motion of a projectile is independent of its vertical motion**.

## Which projectile is affected by gravity?

As gravity will affect the **vertical component** only. So,vertical component of its velocity is usinฮธ ,so the projectile will keep on moving up,untill it’s upward velocity becomes zero due to the downward direction of gravitational force acting on it.

## What affects horizontal motion?

Horizontal Motion Physics

To obtain a horizontal motion, **a projectile must be launched in a straight line, and not at any angle**. The velocity of the projectile varies, but the direction in which a projectile is launched should be perpendicular to the surface of the Earth.

## Which of the following is an essential condition for horizontal component of projectile to remain constant?

In a projectile motion, if we neglect the air friction, the only force that acts is the gravitational force which is in the downward direction. Thus, the horizontal component of velocity remains constant as their is **no force in the horizontal direction**.

## Why the horizontal motion of a projectile has zero acceleration?

The horizontal acceleration of projectile is zero **because there are no forces along horizontal axis**. Explanation: According to Newton’s second law, if a force is applied on an object then an acceleration is produced in the direction of force.

## How does the force of gravity affect the rate of acceleration?

**When gravity pulls objects toward the ground, it always causes them to accelerate at a rate of 9.8 m/s ^{2}**. Regardless of differences in mass, all objects accelerate at the same rate due to gravity unless air resistance affects one more than another.

## Why projectile motion has no horizontal acceleration?

There will be no acceleration in horizontal direction during projectile motion **because the horizontal component of velocity is the same throughout its motion**. If there is no chance in velocity there will be no acceleration.

## Why a horizontally launched projectile will hit the ground at the same time as an object dropped from the same height at the same time?

**The horizontal and vertical motions of a projectile are independent of each other**. So two objects falling under the influence of gravity from the same height will reach the ground simultaneously, regardless of their horizontal velocities.

### How Do Horizontally Launched Projectiles Behave? | Physics in Motion

### Images related to the topicHow Do Horizontally Launched Projectiles Behave? | Physics in Motion

## Why does a dropped object land at the same time as sideways thrown one?

Its y-axis velocity, the speed at which it moves downwards, is determined purely by gravity, just as in the case of the dropped ball, as none of the throwing force is directed downwards. **Both the balls have the same velocity along the y-axis and therefore should reach the ground at the same time.**

## What motion is illustrated by a ball thrown horizontally?

Objects that are launched into the air are called projectiles. The path followed by a projectile in motion is called a trajectory.

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